Entries tagged with “Alfred Nobel” from Polichicks


nobel_flag.jpgWith all the excitement about Al Gore winning the Nobel Peace Prize, wouldn't it be nice to catch up on some history about the Nobel Prize? Below is a biographical summary of Alfred Nobel, the wealthy Scandinavian inventor and entrepreneur for whom the prize is named.  The actual text of his will that established the then controversial prize follows his biography.  All text and photographs were taken from the official website for the Nobel Prize.

Alfred Nobel (1833-1896) was born in Stockholm, Sweden, on October 21, 1833. His family was descended from Olof Rudbeck, the best-known technical genius in Sweden in the 17th century, an era in which Sweden was a great power in northern Europe. Nobel was fluent in several languages, and wrote poetry and drama. Nobel was also very interested in social and peace-related issues, and held views that were considered radical during his time.

Nobel received his first patent at age 30. Ten years later, he would establish factories in several countries and was the first person in the world to create an international holding company. The inventor of dynamite held 355 patents in several countries. As an entrepreneur, Nobel was unbeatable in his time.

On November 27, 1895, Alfred Nobel signed his last will in Paris. When it was opened and read after his death, the will caused a lot of controversy both in Sweden and internationally, as Nobel had left much of his wealth for the establishment of a prize! His family opposed the establishment of the Nobel Prize, and the prize awarders he named refused to do what he had requested in his will. It was five years before the first Nobel Prize could be awarded in 1901.


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